design history –c elebrating design history | celebrating 100 years
In 1932 the school moved to Berlin and the
following year it was closed by the Gestapo.
Many of the Bauhaus teachers left Germany
and the school’s philosophy spread and
prospered outside of the country’s borders.
Today many design programs are based
on the pedagogical approach used by the
Bauhaus School, and many of the products
and furniture designed during this era have
KERSTIN WICKMAN ABOUT BAUHUAS
Three questions for Kerstin Wickman,
Professor of History of Design and Crafts as
well as founder and member of the jury for
the design competition Formex Nova and
member of the jury for Formex Formidable.
What was Bauhaus’ greatest contribution?
“The pedagogical approach that was
used when interacting with the students.
This approach had a major impact on the
transformation of the University College
of Arts, Crafts and Design in Sweden after
World War II. But most of all the school
influenced modern architecture, which
was also noticeable in the Nordic countries.
Building costs, and thus rental costs, fell
thanks to the standardization and line
manufacturing of building elements.”
How has it affected Nordic design?
“The geometric, undecorated and
minimalistic design promoted by the
Photo: Leo Bülow
Bauhaus gained popularity in the 1930s
and the 1950s. Steel tubes had an impact on
furniture design in the 1960s.”
Are ideas from the school still relevant?
“Today, as we strive to protect our resources,
the goal of minimizing consumption of
materials is just as relevant as it was back
then. The energy, the desire to improve the
material world, is also just as important.
But back then neither the teachers nor the
students were as knowledgeable about
the impact of production and materials on
the environment as we are today. We have
taken huge strides forward since then.”.
During Summer Design Week, Museum of
Furniture Studies celebrate Bauhaus. Read more
about it at page 27.
Kerstin Wickman. Photo: Gustav Kaiser